Перший радянський трактор зробили запорізькі майстри

09:45  |  19.10.2023

Тракторобудування веде свою історію з 1917 р. Тоді США на підприємствах Форда поставили виробництво тракторів на конвеєр. У Європі масове виробництво розпочалося у 1920-х роках у Німеччині, Італії, Англії та інших країнах. У тому числі тракторне машинобудування виникло й у СРСР. Виробництво колісних тракторів типу «Запорожець» розпочалося в Україні на заводі «Червоний прогрес» у Великому Токмаку 1923 р.

3,5 версти на годину

У Кічкасі (нині на території Запоріжжя) перші трактори спробували робити ще до Першої світової. Але через війни та революції ці ініціативи не набули розвитку. З початком відновлення господарства країни кічкаські інженери Г. Ремпель та Л. А. Унгер задумали створити простий та надійний трактор. Ідею підтримав місцевий трест «Губметал».

Дослідний зразок з’явився 1921 року на невеликих держзаводах сільгоспмашинобудування № 14 та № 11. Заводи розташовувалися в Кічкасі, в менонітській сільгоспколонії Айнлаге Хортицького округу Катеринославської губернії. Взагалі, меноніти створили на території своїх колоній кілька машинобудівних заводів. У тому числі був і заснований 1861 р. завод сільгоспоснащення Унгера. Нащадок засновника заводу інженер Леонгард Абрамович Унгер став за радянських часів розробником трактора «Запорожець».

Базовими елементами конструкції обрали 12-сильний двотактний одноциліндровий нафтовий двигун «Тріумф» виробництва Великозатомацького держзаводу № 8. Це диктувалося простотою його конструкції та експлуатації. Застосування одного робочого колеса значно спрощувало механізм передачі сили двигуна та конструкцію трактора загалом.

Випробування та показники

Перший досвідчений зразок випробували у польових умовах влітку 1922 р. Комісія Української Ради Народного Господарства засвідчила відмінну продуктивність нової машини. Трактор при 12-сильному двигуні, що робить 400 оборотів колінвала в хвилину і витрачає близько двох пудів чорної нафти на десятину, при глибині оранки до чотирьох вершків вільно знімав пласт землі в 65 квадратних вершків. Розвиваючи швидкість 3,5 версти на годину, трактор міг зорати 1,5-3 десятини землі на день. На одну десятину (трохи більше гектара) трактор витрачав приблизно 38 л пального та 50 л води для охолодження двигуна. Він важив понад дві тонни.

Правлінню Южноукраїнського тресту сільгоспмашинобудування запропонували побудувати на держзаводі № 14 ще один трактор, удосконаливши та забезпечивши його виготовлення кресленнями та моделями. На початок наступної весни такий трактор збудували. Його випробування проводились у березні. Результати виявилися добрими. Тоді ж вирішили до 1 травня дати ще чотири трактори. Кічкаським робітникам не вистачало досвіду, і їм на допомогу надіслали досвідчених збирачів із токмацького заводу «Червоний прогрес». У результаті, окрім дослідного зразка, збудували 10 тракторів удосконаленої конструкції.

Особливості конструкції

Як заводили це диво техніки? Жодної електрики на ньому не було, навіть фар. Для запуску двигуна служила «запальна головка» — звичайний болт, який на невеликому вогнищі 15-20 хвилин розжарювали до червона, швидко вкручували в циліндр двигуна, а вже потім крутили заводну ручку. Зате заглушити двигун було просто: лише перекрити кран подачі палива.

Трактористи намагалися робити це рідше, щоб не возитися щоразу із запуском двигуна. Конструкція не передбачала таких операцій, як пригальмувати чи піддати газу. Отже, заправлялися пальним на ходу. При позмінній роботі тракторист на ходу зістрибував з трактора, а на його місце забирався змінник. Це було нескладно – швидкість не досягала і 4 км/год, а сидіння інженери винесли далеко назад, за межі корпусу, щоб, змінюючись, тракторист не потрапив під колесо. Жодних педалей не було. Та й кабіни також. Сидів тракторист на жорсткому залізному сидінні просто неба. Паливо в мотор подавалося без жодного насоса, самопливом, тому бак розміщувався високо.

Простота конструкції робила її роботу дуже надійною. Якщо щось і ламалося, заміну легко можна було виготовити в будь-якій майстерні з токарним верстатом. До трактора можна було причепити плуг, борону, візок. Загалом роботу на такій нескладній машині міг легко освоїти навіть малограмотний селянин.

Подальший випуск

Тим часом продовжувати серійне виробництво трактора в Кічкасі стало складно та незручно. Коли було особливо важко, конструктори зверталися по допомогу до майстрів токмацького «Червоного прогресу». Це були майстер Карл Карлович Шайбе та монтер (слюсар-збирач) Нікон Миколайович Картавцев.

Завод «Червоний прогрес» на той час став найбільшим підприємством сільгоспмашинобудування на півдні України. Саме тому масове серійне виробництво трактора вирішили остаточно перенести туди. Шлях майже за 90 верст від Кічкаса до Великого Токмака трактор-зразок виконав своїм ходом. Дорогою селянам кілька разів демонструвалася оранка землі «механічним конем». Трактор «Запорожець» прибув на завод «Червоний прогрес» 29 вересня 1923 р.

Червонопрогресівці з ентузіазмом розгорнули роботи із серійного виробництва трактора. Одночасно над удосконаленням конструкції «Запорожця» працював інженерно-технічний колектив на чолі з Л. А. Унгером – він перебрався з Кічкаса на токмакське підприємство разом із своїм дітищем. Вже у 1923-1924 роки із складального цеху почав серійно виходити трактор, який мав не 12 к. с., а 16 при 500 оборотах колінвала за хвилину.

Експорт та попит

Попит на трактор марки «Запорожець» був великий. Особливо після випробувань протягом двох тижнів разом із американським трактором «Фордзон» у полі поблизу Харкова навесні 1925 року. Випробування проводила комісія ВРНГ УРСР. За всіма показниками первісток вітчизняного машинобудування виглядав краще за «Фордзон». Оранку десятини землі на однакову глибину «Запорожець», який уже мав 16 к.с., закінчував на 25 хвилин раніше. При цьому витрата нафти становила 1 пуд та 4 фунти. «Фордзон» спалював 2 пуди і 10 фунтів гасу.

Представники колгоспів з усієї України приїжджали на завод із замовленнями. Завод став найбільшим підприємством Великого Токмаку. Тут працювало понад 1200 робітників. У 1925-1926 pоках на заводі виготовили 500 тракторів «Запорожець», понад 10 тисяч букерів, 1465 двигунів. Продукція заводу йшла за кордон. Того ж року до Ірану відправили 1 тисячу віялок, до Туреччини – 3 тисячі букерів.

Будівництво тракторів тривало до 1927 р. включно. Усього випустили близько 800 машин. У 1930-ті роки завод перепрофілювали на виробництво двигунів – дизелів та підпорядкували Всесоюзному об’єднанню «Союздизель».

Нині в Україні вцілів лише один трактор «Запорожець», збудований ще 1923/24 господарського року. Його порядковий номер – 107. З 1958 р. єдиний у світі трактор «Запорожець» № 107 знаходиться на вічній стоянці у спеціальному павільйоні Чернігівського обласного історичного музею.

Если вы нашли опечатку на сайте, выделите ее и нажмите Ctrl+Enter

Оставьте комментарий

*

  1. […] На жовтень 1929 року до старих Заводської і земської лікарень та аптеки додалися сім медзакладів, серед яких […]

  2. […] опалення годі було й думати. Початок газифікації області відбувся лише в 1956 […]

  3. 🔶 Transaction 36 794 USD. GЕТ =>> https://forms.yandex.com/cloud/65db1187c769f1e401949a17?hs=5b226fe56128070c691f94b923692d50& 🔶 2:30 | 29.02.24

    ogo8yb

  4. parfümler 22:28 | 29.02.24

    Bu siteyi keşfettiğim için çok mutluyum, herkese tavsiye ederim, kesinlikle pişman olmazsınız.

  5. Ankara Web Tasarım 1:21 | 01.03.24

    Ankara Web Tasarım

  6. İzmir evden eve nakliyat 14:18 | 01.03.24

    İzmir evden eve nakliyat

  7. thanks good.

  8. fenomenyerim 23:44 | 05.03.24

    thanks very good. wow.

  9. sohbet 23:16 | 06.03.24

  10. loro.at 11:54 | 10.03.24

    thanks good.

  11. instagram takipçi satın al 20:55 | 10.03.24

    thanks good.

  12. bayan takipçi satın al 22:34 | 10.03.24

    thanks good.

  13. fenomenyerim.com 0:11 | 11.03.24

    thanks good.

  14. instagram keşfet 18:01 | 12.03.24

    Instagram Takipci Arttirmanin Yollari

    https://dijinora.com/instagram/

  15. ✔ You got 49 544 Dollars. Gо tо withdrаwаl =>> https://forms.yandex.com/cloud/65db1188693872ea94244747?hs=5b226fe56128070c691f94b923692d50& ✔ 12:33 | 13.03.24

    b2iber

  16. tlovertonet 14:32 | 15.03.24

    Hello. magnificent job. I did not anticipate this. This is a impressive story. Thanks!

    http://www.tlovertonet.com/

  17. İstanbul Personel Taşımacılığı

  18. Ignacio Chen 6:27 | 16.03.24

    Thank you for the amazing blog post!

  19. Ana Y. Rowe 6:55 | 16.03.24

    Hocam Ellerinize Sağlık Gastronize bardak yıkama hakkında Detaylı ve Güzel Makale Olmuş.

  20. Joey Lawson Guerra 16:35 | 16.03.24

    This blog post hit all the right notes!

  21. Jonas C. Craig 18:48 | 16.03.24

    Verdiğiniz bilgiler için teşekkürler, Joseph Campbell hakkında güzel yazı olmuş.

  22. whyper sosyal 12:54 | 18.03.24

    thanks good.

  23. hesap social 12:56 | 18.03.24

    thanks good.

  24. Leon Allen Rios 10:30 | 19.03.24

    Faydalı bilgilerinizi bizlerle paylaştığınız için teşekkür ederim, köpek oteli bilgi sahibi oldum.

  25. En İyi Bahis Forum 13:49 | 22.03.24

    bahis forum sitesine hemen giriş yapın ve bonusları yakalayın

    https://bit.ly/bahis-forum-2024

  26. Sylas Abdiel Simpson 17:45 | 22.03.24

    Hocam detaylı bir anlatım olmuş, Sao Paulo nasıl bir yerdir iyice öğrendim, eline sağlık.

  27. Vivienne Lopez 15:38 | 23.03.24

    This blog is like a breath of fresh air in the midst of all the negativity on the internet I’m grateful to have stumbled upon it

  28. ecommerce 9:46 | 27.03.24

    You’re actually a just right webmaster. The site loading speed is amazing.

    It sort of feels that you are doing any distinctive trick.

    In addition, the contents are masterwork.

    you’ve done a magnificent job in this subject!

    Similar here: najlepszy sklep and also here: Sklep internetowy

  29. sklep internetowy 2:58 | 28.03.24

    Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but
    I’m not seeing very good success. If you know of any please share.
    Thank you! You can read similar article here: E-commerce

  30. goodhere Orgy porn 7:16 | 28.03.24

    goodhere Gangbang porn vurucutewet.6TmlyPAjZmJ

  31. ladyandtherose Mixed porn backlinkseox.RApdGuKsXeF

  32. jenniferroy 緊縛ポルノ 17:15 | 28.03.24

    jenniferroy 面白いポルノ japanesexxporns.7KtmQxArYjC

  33. landuse Gangbang porn 9:59 | 29.03.24

    landuse Cartoons porn lancdcuse.6Mx6dPLIRAO

  34. Arçelik Buzdolabı 15:50 | 29.03.24

    Uygun Fiyatlı Arçelik Ürünleri https://www.ihlamurarcelik.com

  35. falbobrospizzamadison VR porn jkkıjxxx.Gaj1xEYBKBh

  36. Olive Oil Turkey 19:04 | 29.03.24

    For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no uncertainty very quickly it will be renowned, due to its quality contents about olive oil polyphenol.

  37. All Lastest News 1:53 | 30.03.24

    Here you can read and see the worlds lastest news and trend.

  38. नकली टैक्सी अश्लील qqyyooppxx.DG9TPd2I3YX

  39. ↕ Transfer 57 817 US dollars. GЕТ >> https://telegra.ph/BTC-Transaction--557852-03-14?hs=5b226fe56128070c691f94b923692d50& ↕ 13:13 | 30.03.24

    8t7ylg

  40. नानी के पोर्न के बा hjkvbasdfzxzz.HtReiHI3ogv

  41. Olive Oil for Hair 8:00 | 31.03.24

    For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no uncertainty very quickly it will be renowned, due to its quality contents about olive oil for hair.

  42. Latte Macchiato 20:24 | 31.03.24

    Genellikle türkçe içerikler az oluyor fakat latte macchiato hakkında böyle güzel içerikler görmek ve okumak çok zevkli.

  43. बड़े स्तन अश्लील txechdyzxca.Y2cVT7PZkmh

  44. trend topic satın al 14:38 | 01.04.24

    trend topic satın al trend topic satın al

  45. 에그벳300 23:15 | 01.04.24

    qiyezp.com
    그런데 이때 누안정 밖에서 급한 발소리가 들렸다.

  46. Olive Oil Gluten Free 23:44 | 01.04.24

    Really.. thank you for starting this up, olive oil gluten free website is something that is needed on the internet, someone with a little originality!

  47. All Lastest News 11:37 | 02.04.24

    Here you can read and see the worlds lastest news and trend.

  48. Americano 15:57 | 02.04.24

    Hocam Ellerinize Sağlık americano hakkında Detaylı ve Güzel Makale Olmuş.

  49. शौकिया अश्लीलता hkyonet.SPImNtmaksW

  50. Hukuk Bürolarına Özel Çağrı Merkezi 15:24 | 03.04.24

    Hukuk Burolarina Ozel Cagri Merkezi Nedir?

    https://taacallsolution.com/

  51. Genellikle türkçe içerikler az oluyor fakat cappuccino hakkında böyle güzel içerikler görmek ve okumak çok zevkli.

  52. ਬੇਤਰਤੀਬ ਪੋਰਨ madisonivysex.cOgHJoTurop

  53. telegram grupları 7:36 | 05.04.24

    popüler telegram grupları deyince benim her zaman aklıma bu kanal ve grup geliyor

  54. ladesbet ਨੰਗਾ ਨਾਚ ਪੋਰਨ ladesinemi.eh6eps9R1Q9

  55. ladesbet ザーメンポルノ ladestinemi.7zZYtfO4jCb

  56. sms onay 0:40 | 06.04.24

    sms onay denince akıllara her zaman aktifnumara.com gelmiştir beğenerek ve ilgiyle çok taktir ettiğim bir sitedir kendileri sizlerde takip edebilirsiniz gerçekten çok takdir ediyorum sms onay alanında çok başarılılar

  57. Auto Approve List 4:56 | 06.04.24

    Hello! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search
    Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very
    good results. If you know of any please share. Thanks!

    You can read similar blog here: GSA Verified List

  58. Cynthia X. U. Barrett 6:10 | 08.04.24

    This blog is not just about the content, but also the community it fosters I’ve connected with so many like-minded individuals here

  59. Bishop N. R. Kirby 6:53 | 08.04.24

    Your positivity and optimism are contagious It’s evident that you genuinely care about your readers and their well-being

  60. Amy Hahn 4:36 | 09.04.24

    Love this appreciation for great content

  61. Erec Prime 9:51 | 10.04.24

    Merely wanna input on few general things, The website pattern is perfect, the written content is rattling superb : D.

    https://youtu.be/DtMu68xRXHI

  62. Allison Reilly 21:07 | 11.04.24

    Wow, this blogger is seriously impressive!

  63. cost of prednisone prescription 2:16 | 12.04.24

  64. nike tech fleece 19:13 | 12.04.24

    The Evolution of Nike Tech Fleece

    https://www.wearhood.com.tr/

  65. Warren Angel Reece Shelton 11:29 | 15.04.24

    I appreciate how this blog promotes self-growth and personal development It’s important to continuously strive to become the best version of ourselves

  66. Antoine Enrique Tobias Valdez 14:50 | 15.04.24

    It’s clear that you truly care about your readers and want to make a positive impact on their lives Thank you for all that you do

  67. Nixon Sam Enrique Cabrera 15:39 | 15.04.24

    This is such an important and often overlooked topic Thank you for bringing attention to it and offering valuable advice

  68. Kayla Maisie Presley Herman 16:58 | 15.04.24

    Your posts are always so well-researched and informative I appreciate how thorough and detailed your content is

  69. Refirmance review 22:34 | 15.04.24

    You can certainly see your enthusiasm in the paintings you write. The sector hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. All the time go after your heart.

    https://youtu.be/XPwygCshVpI

  70. Jake Breitenberg I 6:50 | 16.04.24

    Sitemizden en guzel bakırköy escort kızlarını görebilirsiniz…

  71. online poker 4:36 | 17.04.24

  72. Web Tasarım 1:28 | 18.04.24

    Hocam Ellerinize Sağlık web tasarım hakkında Detaylı ve Güzel Makale Olmuş.

  73. puravive 12:06 | 19.04.24

    What Is Puravive? Before we delve into the various facets of the supplement, let’s start with the most important

    https://youtu.be/q-Ty4LIXU7Q

  74. torba 12:38 | 19.04.24

    Tasimacilik Sektorunde Sehirler Arasi Nakliyatin Onemi

    https://www.akasyanakliyat.com.tr/

  75. torba 20:36 | 19.04.24

    Guvenilir Sehirler Arasi Nakliyat Firmalari ile Tasinmak

    https://www.atacannakliyat.com/

  76. torba 16:49 | 21.04.24

    Evden Eve Sehirler Arasi Nakliyat Nasil Yapilmali?

    https://www.albayraknakliyat.biz.tr/

  77. teraryum malzemeleri 16:53 | 22.04.24

    teraryum malzemeleri

  78. beyaz eşya servisi 0:32 | 23.04.24

    Beyaz eşya servis bakım montaj arıza yapan firmaların listesine ve bilgilerine web sitemizden ulaşabilirsiniz.

  79. arçelik nofrost buzdolabı 22:52 | 23.04.24

    arçelik nofrost buzdolabı

  80. hire a hacker 11:31 | 25.04.24

    Would love to forever get updated great site! .

    https://www.tdsky.com/hire-a-hacker-for-social-media/

  81. positive galaxy 12:08 | 25.04.24

    The inspiring blend of spirituality and positivity these quotes offer has deeply resonated with me. I am looking forward to imbue these affirmations into my life!

  82. prednisone 54760 14:58 | 25.04.24

  83. hire a hacker today 15:48 | 25.04.24

    What’s Going down i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It absolutely helpful and it has aided me out loads. I hope to contribute & help other customers like its aided me. Great job.

    https://www.fuduku.com/

  84. evde kedi 19:17 | 25.04.24

    I always find myself eagerly awaiting your next blog post.

  85. Fitspresso Reviews 2:24 | 26.04.24

    I was recommended this website by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble. You are incredible! Thanks!

    https://youtu.be/oi0bGWvxNpg

  86. Emmy N. Pena 4:48 | 26.04.24

    Your writing is so inspiring and motivating I always leave your blog feeling more determined and resilient

  87. Zen Cortex 11:17 | 26.04.24

    Very interesting information!Perfect just what I was searching for! «If you could choose one characteristic that would get you through life, choose a sense of humor.» by Jennifer Jones.

    https://youtu.be/CrcaHHw-gXs

  88. Ariah Q. T. Parsons 12:15 | 26.04.24

    Share your favorite blog post in the comments below!

  89. how can 14:54 | 26.04.24

    Excellent post! Your attention to detail is admirable and handy.

  90. […] лідером колоній у 1830–1840‑х рр. Спочатку він працював в Айнлаге, Кічкасській […]

  91. Slot gazino oyunları ücretsiz 20:03 | 26.04.24

    Bahis, Casino, Rulet ve Slot Siteleri: İncelemeler ve Öneriler
    İnternet üzerinde bahis, casino, rulet ve slot oyunları sunan birçok site bulunmaktadır.
    Bu siteler genellikle eğlenceli ve kazançlı
    oyunlar sunarken aynı zamanda bazı riskleri de beraberinde getirebilir.
    İşte bu sitelerle ilgili bazı önemli bilgiler:

    Bahis Siteleri

    Bahis siteleri, spor müsabakalarına ve diğer etkinliklere bahis yapma imkanı
    sunar. İyi bir bahis sitesi seçerken lisanslı ve güvenilir olmasına dikkat etmek önemlidir.
    Ayrıca, kullanıcı yorumlarını ve bahis oranlarını da değerlendirmek faydalı
    olabilir.

    Casino Siteleri

    Casino siteleri genellikle çeşitli masa oyunları, kart
    oyunları ve slot makineleri gibi oyunları sunar.
    En iyi casino siteleri, lisanslı, güvenilir ve adil oyunlar sunan platformlardır.
    Müşteri hizmetleri kalitesi, ödeme yöntemleri ve bonus olanakları da
    seçim yaparken göz önünde bulundurulmalıdır.

    Rulet

    Rulet, popüler casino oyunlarından biridir. İnternet üzerinde birçok rulet oyunu sunan site bulunmaktadır.
    Gerçek krupiyelerle canlı rulet oynama imkanı da sunan siteler, oyuncular için daha heyecanlı bir deneyim sunabilir.

    Slot Siteleri

    Slot makineleri, casino sitelerinin vazgeçilmez oyunları arasındadır.

    Slot siteleri, genellikle yüzlerce farklı tema ve özellikte slot oyununu kullanıcılara sunar.
    Kaliteli grafikler, yüksek ödeme oranları ve mobil uyumluluk, iyi bir slot sitesinin özellikleri arasındadır.

    Önerilen Siteler
    Betboo: Geniş spor bahisleri ve casino oyunları
    seçenekleri sunan güvenilir bir site.

    Bets10: Yüksek oranları ve çeşitli bahis seçenekleriyle bilinen popüler bir bahis sitesi.

    Casino Metropol: Kaliteli casino oyunları ve güvenilir ödeme yöntemleri ile öne çıkan bir casino sitesi.

    Slotwolf: Yüzlerce slot oyunu seçeneği ve cazip bonuslar sunan bir slot sitesi.

  92. sugar defender review 17:15 | 27.04.24

    obviously like your web-site however you have to check the spelling on several of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very bothersome to inform the truth nevertheless I will surely come back again.

    https://youtu.be/771Ra0yNoQE

  93. Ellen Jennings 21:21 | 27.04.24

    What type of content would you like to see more of in the future? Let us know in the comments!

  94. Kailani Alison Sloane Mccall 21:26 | 27.04.24

    From the bottom of my heart, thank you for being a source of positivity and light in this sometimes dark and overwhelming world

  95. Thiago K. Vance 21:33 | 27.04.24

    Your writing is so eloquent and persuasive You have a talent for getting your message across and inspiring meaningful change

  96. Chevy W. R. Mcconnell 21:35 | 27.04.24

    Every time I read one of your posts, I come away with something new and interesting to think about. Thanks for consistently putting out such great content!

  97. Muhyiddin 21:14 | 28.04.24

    Toptan ürünler satın alarak işletmenizin stokunu güçlendirin ve kar marjınızı artırın, Toptan Ürünler seçeneklerini inceleyin.

    https://google.com.tr

  98. It’s refreshing to see such original content among a sea of run-of-the-mill blog posts.

  99. masal oku 22:32 | 29.04.24

    https://sites.google.com/view/masal-listesi/
    Masal Listesi: Eşsiz Bir Masal Dünyası

    Masal Listesi, her yaş grubundan okuyucular için eğlenceli ve öğretici masalları bir araya getiren bir platformdur.
    Sitemizde, çocuklardan yetişkinlere kadar herkesin keyifle
    okuyabileceği geniş bir masal koleksiyonu bulunmaktadır.

    Neden Masal Listesi?

    Çeşitlilik ve Zenginlik: Masal Listesi, farklı
    kültürlerden gelen klasik masallardan modern hikayelere kadar
    geniş bir yelpazede masal sunar. Okuyucularımız, dünyanın dört bir
    yanındaki masal geleneğini keşfederken eğlenirler.

    Eğitici İçerik: Masallar sadece eğlenceli değil,
    aynı zamanda öğretici niteliktedir. Karakterler aracılığıyla değerli hayat dersleri verirken, dil
    becerilerini geliştirmeye de katkıda bulunur.

    Her Yaşa Uygun: Masal Listesi, küçük
    çocuklardan genç yetişkinlere kadar her yaşa hitap eden masallar sunar.
    Herkes kendi yaş grubuna uygun masalları bulabilir.

    Masal Listesi’nde Neler Bulabilirsiniz?

    Klasik Masallar: Kırmızı Başlıklı Kız, Pamuk Prenses ve Diğerleri gibi dünya klasikleri.

    Masal Terapisi: Duygusal ve zihinsel iyileşme için terapötik masallar.

    Modern Masallar: Günümüz teması ve diline uygun masallar.

    Yerel Masallar: Türk masalları ve diğer yerel hikayeler.

    Masal Listesi’ne Nasıl Ulaşabilirsiniz?

    Masal Listesi’ne hemen şimdi ziyaret ederek siz de
    eşsiz masal dünyamıza katılabilirsiniz. Okuyucularımızın geri bildirimlerini dikkate alarak sürekli olarak içeriğimizi güncelliyoruz ve yeni masallar ekliyoruz.

    Keyifli okumalar dileriz!

  100. ankara mimarlık ofisleri 23:58 | 30.04.24

    Ankara Mimarlık Ofisleri ve Projeleri, ankara mimarlık ofisleri

  101. vibro elek 10:08 | 02.05.24

    Vibro Elek: Temel İlkeler ve Uygulama Alanları <a href="https://helermakina.com.tr/vibro-elek-temel-ilkeler-ve-uygulama-alanlari

  102. porn star 3:20 | 03.05.24

    What’s The Reason? Prettiest Pornstar Is Everywhere This Year
    porn star

  103. Ankara sepetli vinç kiralama fiyatları, <a href="https://www.abbasvinc.com.tr/ankara-sepetli-vinc-kiralama-fiyatlari

  104. Personal Accident Attorney 1:12 | 04.05.24

    9 Lessons Your Parents Taught You About Personal Accident Attorney Personal Accident Attorney

  105. Ev temizliği 10:13 | 05.05.24

    ev temizliğiev temizliği

  106. Kingston Singh 15:01 | 05.05.24

    IPTV Premium is my go-to for all my entertainment needs. The selection of movies and series is impressive!

  107. https://m.cn.dabagirl.co.kr/member/login.html?NoMemberOrder=&returnUrl=http://www.accidentinjurylawyers.Claims/accident-attorneys-near-me/ 22:07 | 05.05.24

  108. renew reviews 14:35 | 06.05.24

    Renew is a nutritional supplement that activates your metabolism and promotes healthy sleep.

    https://youtu.be/Yw13OT8vbRE

  109. fitspresso 19:27 | 06.05.24

    What Is FitSpresso? The 100 natural formula is formulated using a potent blend of 6 ingredients

    https://youtu.be/SzR5Hzvptn0

  110. Plano Accident Attorney 1:06 | 07.05.24

    Accident Injury Attorney: What’s The Only Thing Nobody Is Talking About Plano Accident Attorney

  111. www.newstix.de 3:10 | 07.05.24

    10 Things You Learned From Kindergarden To Help You Get Started With Best Accident Attorney accident attorney long island — http://www.newstix.de

  112. Tonic Greens review 8:28 | 07.05.24

    Would you be curious about exchanging links?

    https://youtu.be/Unjogo6WVac

  113. All Lastest News 4:16 | 08.05.24

    Here you can read and see the worlds lastest news and trend.

  114. Http://Bekendedodenederlanders.Com/Api.Php?Action=Https://Chomoto.Vn/Proxy.Php?Link=Https://Www.Accidentinjurylawyers.Claims/Accident-Attorneys-Near-Me 12:23 | 08.05.24

    Five People You Should Know In The Best Accident Attorney Near Me Industry Accident Attorney Sioux Falls (http://Bekendedodenederlanders.Com/Api.Php?Action=Https://Chomoto.Vn/Proxy.Php?Link=Https://Www.Accidentinjurylawyers.Claims/Accident-Attorneys-Near-Me)

  115. premium 17:28 | 08.05.24

    This Week’s Best Stories Concerning Only Fans Pornstars Kayleigh Wanless premium

  116. Hızlı web site tasarımı 22:30 | 08.05.24

    <Hızlı web site tasarımıHızlı web site tasarımı

  117. TonicGreens 3:38 | 10.05.24

    Wonderful work! This is the type of info that should be shared across the net. Shame on the seek engines for now not positioning this put up higher! Come on over and seek advice from my website . Thank you =)

    https://youtu.be/ymHAajtXPsQ

  118. kadıköy elektrikçi 6:45 | 10.05.24

    kadıköy de elektrikçi hizmeti için ulaşabilirsiniz.

  119. prednisone no prescription 9:23 | 10.05.24

  120. Million dollars 7:46 | 11.05.24

    Allnew Boss Dont delete Drastically reduced Exclusive deal Get it now Get started now Important information regarding Instant Limited
    time New customers only Now only Satisfied
    free 0 risk 00 1 month ago 18 18 video 31 50 off 100 free 100 more 100 satisfaction 100 satisfied AS SEEN
    ON Accept credit cards Acceptance Access Access now Accordingly Act
    Act Immediately Act now Act now Dont hesitate Action Required Ad Additional income
    Addresses Addresses on CD Affordable All All natural All new Allnatural Amazing Apply Online Apply now Apply online As
    As seen on At no cost Auto email removal Avoice bankruptcy Avoid Avoid bankruptcy BUY BUY DIRECT Bargain Be amazed Be your own boss Become a
    member Being a member Beneficiary Best price Big bucks Bill 1618 Billing Billing address Billion Billion dollars Bonus Brand new pager Bulk email Buy Buy direct Buy now Buying judgments CURES BALDNESS Cable converter Call Call free Call now Calling
    creditors Cancel Cancel at any time Cannot be combined with any other offer Cant live without Card
    accepted Cards accepted Cash Cash bonus Cashcashcash
    Casino Celebrity Cellphone cancer scam Cents on the dollar Certified Chance Cheap Cheap meds Check
    Check or money order Claims Claims not to be
    selling anything Claims to be legal Claims you are a winner Clearance Click Click below
    Click here Click here link Click to remove Click to remove mailto Collect
    Collect child support Compare Compare rates Compete for your business
    Confidentiality Confidentially on all orders Congratulations
    Congratulations Consolidate debt Consolidate debt and credit Consolidate your debt Copy DVDs Copy
    accurately Cost Costs Credit Credit bureaus Credit card offers
    Cures Cures baldness Cutie DIAGNOSTICS Deal Deal ending soon Dear emailfriendsomebody
    Dear personalization variable Dear email Dear friend Dear somebody Debt
    Diet Different reply to Dig up dirt on friends Digital marketing Direct email Direct marketing Discount Discusses search
    engine listings Do it now Do it today Dont delete Dont hesitate Dont hesitate Dormant Double your Double
    your cash Double your income Drastically reduced Earn Earn Earn cash
    Earn extra cash Earn money Earn per week Easy terms Ecommerce Eliminate bad credit Eliminate debt Email harvest Email marketing Exclusive deal Expect to
    earn Explode your business Extra Extra cash
    Extra income Free FAST Fantastic Fantastic deal Fast Viagra delivery Fast cash Fast money Financial Financial freedom
    Financially independent Find out anything For Only For free For instant access
    For just some amount For just insert whatever amount For just XXX For just xxx Form Free Free DVD Free access Free cell phone Free consultation Free gift Free grant money
    Free hosting Free info Free installation Free investment Free leads
    Free membership Free money Free offer Free preview Free
    priority mail Free quote Free sample Free trial Free website Freedom
    Friend Full refund Get Get it away Get it now Get it today Get out of debt Get
    paid Get rid of debt Get started now Gift certificate Give it away Giveaway Giving
    away Great offer Growth hormone Guarantee Guaranteed Have you been turned down Hello Here Hidden Hidden assets Hidden charges
    Home Home Based business Home based Home employment Homebased Homebased business
    Hot babes Hottie Human Human growth hormone Hurry up If only it were that easy Important information regarding
    In accordance with laws Income Income from home Increase Income Increase sales Increase traffic
    Increase your sales Incredible deal Info you requested Information you requested Instant Instant weight loss Insurance Insurance Lose
    weight Internet market Internet marketing Investment Investment decision Its effective Join millions Join millions
    of Americans Join thousands Junk Kinky Laser printer Leave Legal Life Life insurance Lifetime Limited time Limited time offer Limited time only Loan Loans Long distance phone offer Lose Lose
    weight Lose weight spam Lottery Lower interest rate Lower interest rates Lower
    monthly payment Lower rates Lower your mortgage rate
    Lowest insurance rates Lowest price Luxury Luxury car MLM Mail in order form Maintained Make Make
    money Marketing Marketing solution Marketing solutions
    Mass email Mature Medical Medicine Medium Meet girls Meet singles Meet
    women Member Member stuff Message contains Message contains disclaimer Million Million dollars Miracle Money Money back Money making Month trial offer More
    Internet Traffic More internet traffic Mortgage Mortgage rates Multi level marketing Multilevel marketing Name brand Near you Never New New customers only New domain extensions
    Nigerian No age restrictions No catch No claim forms No
    cost No credit check No disappointment No experience No
    fees No gimmick No hidden No hidden Costs No hidden costs No
    hidden fees No interest No inventory No investment No medical exams No medical exams No middleman No obligation No purchase necessary
    No purchase required No questions asked No refunds No selling No strings attached Noobligation Not
    intended Not junk Notspam Now Now only Obligation Off
    shore Offer Offer expires Offers coupon Offers extra cash Offers free often stolen passwords Offshore Once in a lifetime Once in lifetime One
    hundred percent free One hundred percent guaranteed One time One time mailing
    Online biz opportunity Online biz opportunity Online business
    opportunity Online degree Online marketing Online pharmacy Only
    Open Opportunity Opt in Order Order now Order shipped by Order status Order today Orders
    shipped by Orders shipped by priority mail Orders shipped by shopper Outstanding values Passwords Pennies a day People
    just leave money laying around Performance Please read Potential earnings Preapproved Price Prices Print form signature Print out and fax Priority
    mail Prize Prizes Problem Produced and sent out Profits Promise Promise you Promise you Pure Profits Pure profit Quote Quotes Rates Real thing Refinance Refinance
    home Refinanced home Removal Removal instructions Remove
    Remove in quotes Remove subject Removes wrinkles Reply remove subject
    Request Requires initial investment Reserves the right Reverses
    Reverses aging Risk free Riskfree Rolex Round the world S 1618 Safeguard notice Sale Sales Sample Satisfaction Satisfaction guaranteed Save Save big
    Save big money Save up to Score Score with
    babes Search engine Search engine listings Search engines
    Section 301 See for yourself Sent in compliance Serious
    cash Serious only Sex Sexy babes Shopping spree Sign up free Sign up free today
    Social security number Solution Spam Special promotion Stainless steel Steamy Stock alert Stock disclaimer statement Stock pick Stop Stop snoring Stops snoring
    Strong buy Stuff on sale Subject to cash Subject to credit Subject to Subscribe Success Supplies are limited Take
    action Take action now Talks about hidden charges Talks
    about prizes Teen Tells you its an ad Terms and conditions The best
    rates The following form They keep your money
    no refund They keep your money no refund Theyre just giving
    it away This is an ad This isnt junk This isnt spam This isnt a scam This isnt junk This isnt spam This
    wont last Thousands Trial US dollars Undisclosed Undisclosed recipient
    University diplomas Unlimited Unsecured credit Unsecured creditdebt Unsecured debt Unsolicited Unsubscribe Urgent VIAGRA DELIVERY
    Vacation Vacation offers Valium Valium Viagra Very Cheap Viagra
    Viagra and other drugs Vicodin Visit our website
    Wants credit card Warranty We are legal We hate spam We
    honor all Web traffic Weekend getaway Weight loss What are you waiting for While
    stocks last While supplies last While you sleep Who really wins Why pay
    more Will not believe your eyes Win Win big Winner Winning Won Work
    at home Work from home XXX Xanax You are a winner You are a
    winner You have been selected Your income Youve been selected adrianne animal arms bakire baldız buttocks cannabis child porn cocaine cp ecstasy erotic erotig erotik
    eskort etek gizli go url growth hormone haydar hayvan heroin hidden charges hikaye homosexual hot how to molest
    how to rape a man iptal itiraf ketamine kulot laurence sampson limited time liseli
    lsd mephedrone nefes off partner penis enlargement surgery rebbeca parer sarisin seen on seks sex sex toys sexual
    enhancers sexual fetish lingerie shawn mchugh sheila shopper sicak
    snoring sperm telekz telekız vaginal laser rejuvenation viagra
    viagra satın al viagrayı çevrimiçi satın alın viagrayı çevrimiçi satın alındit weight
    spam wilma melrose xxx yasak yerli yetiskin yetişkin videosu zoo çocuk pornosu çocuk pornosudiz Hidden assets

  121. fitspresso reviews 4:25 | 12.05.24

    FitSpresso: What Is It? FitSpresso is a natural weight loss aid that targets the root cause of excess body fat.

    https://youtu.be/9dmcKmes6y4

  122. 9gag video 15:21 | 12.05.24

    What a fascinating piece of content! I was thoroughly engrossed while reading it, and delving into the intricacies of the topic was a fantastic experience. Exploring subjects like this is a real pleasure for me, and this content definitely hit the mark.

  123. 9gag ssdownloader 15:23 | 12.05.24

    Such an interesting read! I was completely absorbed while going through this content, and every aspect of it intrigued me. I have a passion for exploring topics like this, and this content aligns perfectly with my interests.

  124. ssdownloader 9gag 15:26 | 12.05.24

    This content is absolutely riveting! Reading through it was an immersive experience, and I was hooked from the very beginning. The depth and complexity of the topic really piqued my interest. Engaging with content like this is one of my favorite pastimes.

  125. ssdownloader 15:26 | 12.05.24

    This content is incredibly captivating! I found myself completely engrossed in it, and the depth of the subject matter was truly compelling. Discovering and learning about topics like this is something I find immensely enjoyable. This content resonates with me on a personal level.

  126. download video 9gag 15:27 | 12.05.24

    What an intriguing piece of content! I couldn’t help but be drawn in by it. The complexity and depth of the subject matter truly fascinated me. Spending time with content like this is always a pleasure for me.

  127. download video 9gag 15:27 | 12.05.24

    What an intriguing piece of content! I couldn’t help but be drawn in by it. The complexity and depth of the subject matter truly fascinated me. Spending time with content like this is always a pleasure for me.

  128. 9gag ssdownloader 15:28 | 12.05.24

    Such an interesting read! I was completely absorbed while going through this content, and every aspect of it intrigued me. I have a passion for exploring topics like this, and this content aligns perfectly with my interests.

  129. ssdownloader 15:30 | 12.05.24

    This content is incredibly captivating! I found myself completely engrossed in it, and the depth of the subject matter was truly compelling. Discovering and learning about topics like this is something I find immensely enjoyable. This content resonates with me on a personal level.

  130. +18 Apk Oyunlar 20:50 | 12.05.24

    10 Must-Have APK Games for Android

    https://www.apktrstore.com.tr/

  131. Sumatra slim belly tonic reviews 13:27 | 13.05.24

    Hello There. I found your blog the use of msn. That is an extremely neatly written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your helpful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.

    https://youtu.be/s5kr4GQsCN0

  132. bfme.net 22:40 | 13.05.24

    Great Online Casino Site Action 온라인슬롯 —
    bfme.net

  133. accident attorneys utah 5:01 | 14.05.24

    Accident Attorneys Explained In Fewer Than 140 Characters accident attorneys utah

  134. forum bahis 10:43 | 14.05.24

    bahis forum sitesine hemen giriş yapın ve bonusları yakalayın

    https://bit.ly/bahis—forum

  135. Nikegex 0:11 | 16.05.24

    darknet search engine https://mydarkmarket.com/ — darkmarket list the dark internet

  136. cbd online 5:51 | 16.05.24

    Great line up. We will be linking to this great article on our site. Keep up the good writing.

    https://uweed.ch/en/

  137. 슬롯 12:26 | 17.05.24

    Knowing Baccarat Rules — Vital For Playing November 23 슬롯

  138. The Genius Wave Review 17:41 | 17.05.24

    I just could not depart your site prior to suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard info a person provide for your visitors? Is gonna be back often in order to check up on new posts

    https://youtu.be/UOczBxuAYXY

  139. https://nexusnook.top/ 4:40 | 18.05.24

    Make Money With Blogs — How Also Included With Free Blog To Generate Income Now
    nexusnook (https://nexusnook.top/)

  140. Ataşehir Elektrikçi 5:32 | 18.05.24

    Merhaba Ataşehir Elektrikçi ihtiyacınızda buradayız!

  141. Nikegex 12:05 | 18.05.24

    tor markets 2024 https://mydarknetmarketlinks.com/ — darkmarket url onion market

  142. java burn 14:24 | 18.05.24

    Java Burn is the world’s first and only 100 safe and proprietary formula designed to boost the speed and efficiency of your metabolism by mixing with the natural ingredients in coffee.

    https://youtu.be/d-wiN7Qpy_g

  143. 📔 Ореrаtiоn 1,001 ВТС. Vеrifу => https://telegra.ph/BTC-Transaction--469684-05-10?hs=5b226fe56128070c691f94b923692d50& 📔 1:49 | 19.05.24

    uoz6ee

  144. Https://Www.Accidentinjurylawyers.Claims 17:18 | 19.05.24

    5 Laws Anybody Working In Top Accident Attorney Should Be Aware
    Of Winston-Salem Accident Attorney — https://Www.Accidentinjurylawyers.Claims,

  145. Adult Wars 19:35 | 19.05.24

    What is an APK and how does it work?

    https://www.apktrstore.com.tr/

  146. Porn star 3:03 | 20.05.24

    15 Twitter Accounts That Are The Best To Discover Prettiest
    Pornstars Porn star

  147. Nikegex 7:44 | 20.05.24

    darknet markets 2024 https://mydarknetmarketlinks.com/ — tor markets 2024 dark web access

  148. SightCare reviews 18:39 | 20.05.24

    There are some interesting deadlines in this article however I don’t know if I see all of them heart to heart. There’s some validity but I will take maintain opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want more! Added to FeedBurner as well

    https://youtu.be/bIkV26DEego

  149. 온라인슬롯 4:52 | 22.05.24

    Top Four Marketing Recommendations For Building
    A Skilled Professional Practice 온라인슬롯

  150. Fitspresso review 4:13 | 23.05.24

    I am very happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

    https://youtu.be/-lv_WIlp1XI

  151. 프라그마틱 23:08 | 23.05.24

    Online Gambling — How To Be A Professional Gambler 프라그마틱

Новости Запорожье